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Definition of socialisation (PDE 709 P91)
It is the process of acquisition of knowledge, skills, and disposition that makes the learner an integrated member of the society. It is through the process of socialization that members learn certain knowledge, skills, habits, traditions, norms, and values which the society considers important.
Sociology is therefore a scientific study of human behaviour in groups, having for its aim the discovery of regularities and order in such behaviour and expressing these discoveries as theoretical propositions or generalisations that describe a wide variety of patterns of behavior.
On the other hand, sociology is the scientific study of human behavior in groups, the relationship of groups and group members with one another and how the groups operate in established patterns of behavior (PDE 709 P51).
Note that sociology of education has its own definition as explained in the video Sociology of Education.
In other words, discuss why there can be no education without culture.
Culture forms the content of education. That is, education is dependent on the culture of the society for its contents. Culture is the total way of life of people in a given society (PDE 709 P91).
It draws from the contents of culture (Wisler, 1923) such as speech, art, warfare, governance, religious practices, family and social practices, property, mythology and scientific knowledge, food habits, material traits, etc (PDE 709 P88)
Different authors have defined the concept of organisation in various ways. Some writers (e.g. Etzioni, 1964; Ezewu, 1983) defined organisation as a group with an identifiable membership that engages in concerted collective actions to achieve a common purpose.
It is a group of identifiable members that engage in concerted and collective actions to achieve a common purpose. (PDE 709 P97)
The peer group: The peer group provides an avenue for young children to become less dependent on family authority. It is composed of members of roughly equal age sharing equal status as well as pursuing some interests in common. Though the peer group is not an established institution like the school or the family, it has its own customs and organization.
The school: This is an established institution that is saddled with the task of providing the three domains of knowledge: cognitive, affective and psychomotor for the growing child.
The church and the mosque
The mass media
The social media
The Family: The functions of the family are child bearing, child rearing and primary socialisation. Thus, the family is the fundamental biological and social institution into which a child is born and where the child’s primary socialisation takes place. (PDE 709 P92)
Culture is not a given entity common to all societies. Thus, Linton (1947) defines culture as the configuration of learned behaviour and the results of behaviour, whose component elements are shared and transmitted by the member of a particular society.
Ezewu (1983) identified six characteristics of culture as follows (PDE 709 P87):