See Year 2013 Q1
Definition of Philosophy (Kindly watch the video)
According to Plato, Philosophy is a process of constant questioning, and the questioning necessarily takes the form of dialogue. For example, Why, Who, When, What, Where, How.
Definition of Education
According to Mahatma Gandhi, Education is defined as all round development in a child both physical, mental, social and spiritual.
Definition of Philosophy of Education
It is a philosophical process of solving educational problems through philosophical method, from a philosophical attitude to arrive at philosophical conclusions and results.
The inculcation of a strong knowledge base, which can be proven, justified and which is true and acceptable.
The teacher should help the learner to distinguish between knowledge and belief, knowledge and opinion.
The school stands out as the most formidable agency in the transmission of specialized knowledge to the learners.
Teachers in schools and colleges in the process of transmission of specialized knowledge should ensure that the conditions of knowledge highlighted are fulfilled and justified for reasonable acceptance by the learners. (PDE 707 P27)
We resort to philosophy when things are wrong with us. That is why philosophy is said to be a child of failure. The great books written in philosophy were authored by those who were either worried, disappointed, disillusioned or fascinated by the happenings of their times. (PDE 707 P16)
It laid emphasis on academic.
The system encouraged rote learning, which does not produce critical mind.
Examples in Arithmetic and English had no relationship with Africa as a continent.
The medium of instruction was colonial language – English.
The educational opportunity was restricted at the upper level of the system.
British grammar school system of education was trans-imposed in Nigeria without due consideration to the culture, environment and the aspiration s of Nigeria as a country.
It laid emphasis on religion with bible and catechism forming the major substance of reading, writing and scripture. (PDE 707 P44)
Philosophy is derived from two Greek words: Philos meaning to “love” and Sophia meaning “wisdom”. Put together “Philosophia” means the “love of wisdom”.
The literal meaning of philosophy therefore is “the love for a high degree of knowledge”.
Philosophy involves personal critical thinking rather than taking statements and recommendations from others for granted.
Some of the definitions are worth stating as below:
1. A way of simplifying complex ideas and statements about our experiences in life in order to make sense out of (make us understand) them.
2. A rational attempt in finding solutions to fundamental problems of man.
3. A constant and endless quest by man in trying to find out many riddles of the universe so that he can find out a meaningful framework for the expression of all thoughts, actions and observable phenomena.
4. What an individual accepts as his guiding principles, which prompt him to act, in different ways at different times, places and circumstances.
5. A rational investigation, which examines nature and the reasons behind events happening in the world. (PDE 707 P2, P3, P12)
It is the study of value and value in turn is what we want, cherish, desire, need, appreciate or our preference
Education is a value-laden enterprise, as such values abound everywhere in educational practice. That is, education is a value, both intrinsic and extrinsic
Values are the basis of any choice and decision making in all matters of education. Therefore, it will be worth a teacher’s time to be familiar with the value basis of the education, which he imparts to the child. Axiology provides the platform for teachers to familiarize with values.
Axiology is sub-divided into two components; ethics and aesthetic. (PDE 707 P5, P32, P33):